Embroidery in India includes dozens of regional embroidery styles that vary by region on the varied Indian clothing styles. Designs in Indian embroidery are formed on the basis of the texture and the design of the fabric and the stitch.
It includes kutchi embroidery stitches, phulkari, chikankari, mirror work, kantha work and other motifs. This work uses cotton and silk thread of various colors.
The most opulent form of Indian embroidery is the Zari and the Zardozi, known since the late 16th century, brought in India by the mighty Moghuls. This form uses metallic thread.
It is a form of appliqué in gold thread, used for women’s formal attire. Small pieces of zari ribbon are applied onto the fabric with the edges sewn down to create elaborate patterns. Lengths of wider golden ribbons are stitched on the edges of the fabric to create an effect of gold zari work.
Pitta work is an ancient work of embroidery in which first the filling is done with the help of metal wires and then it is beaten so that the texture becomes uniform.
Machine embroidery is an embroidery process whereby a sewing machine or embroidery machine is used to create patterns on textiles. It uses variety of silk and cotton thread and zari thread too to create beautiful designs on outfits.
An appliqué is work laid or applied to another material. The technique is very common in some kinds of textiles, but may be applied to many materials. Appliqué is a technique used to decorate an aspect of a garment or product. The technique is accomplished either by hand or machine.